oral prophylaxis is the removal
of plaque, calculus, and stains from
the exposed and unexposed surfaces of
the teeth by scaling and polishing as
a means to prevent periodontal disease.
A cleaning involves removing debris
and extraneous matter from the teeth.
Polishing makes the surfaces of teeth
smooth. As a result of these procedures,
the teeth are smooth and clean at the
end of treatment.
bad unpleasant breath, gingival bleedings
bring you discomfort, our hygienist
will remove all types of plaque and
make teeth polishing using modern techniques.
a full cleaning with a polishing is
complete, the patient is given a fluoride
treatment. Fluoride is a chemical solution
or gel which hardens teeth and prevents
tooth decay. Anticavity rinses with
fluoride are given to patients because
they have been clinically proven to
fight up to 50 percent more of the bacteria
that cause cavities.
Careful and frequent toothbrushing and
flossing help to prevent build-up of
plaque and calculus (tartar) [citation
needed], which is believed to lead to
cavities . Cavities
can be costly, in terms of the monetary
cost to drill out the cavities and insert
dental fillings, and in terms of the
tissue already damaged.
appliances or tools may be recommended
to supplement (but not to replace) toothbrushing
and flossing. These include special
toothpicks, water irrigation, or other
devices. Initially electric toothbrushes
were only recommended for persons who
have problems with strength or dexterity
of their hands, but many dentists are
now recommending them to many other
patients in order to improve their home
dental care. In many parts of the world
natural toothbrushes are used. In the
Muslim world the miswak or siwak is
made from twigs or roots that are alleged
to have an antiseptic effect when applied
as a toothbrush.
Food and drink in relation to oral hygiene
mentioned by ADHA, foods that help your
muscles and bones also help teeth and
gums. Dairy contributes vitamin D, strengthening
teeth . Breads and
cereals are rich in vitamin B while
fruits and vegetables contain vitamin
C, both of which contribute to healthy
gum tissue. Lean meat, fish, and poultry
provide magnesium and zinc for teeth
people recommend that teeth be brushed
after every meal  and
at bedtime, and flossed at least once
per day, preferably at night before
sleep. For some people, flossing might
be recommended after every meal. Dentists
and dental hygienists can instruct and
demonstrate brushing and flossing techniques.
Some foods may protect against cavities.
Milk and cheese appear to be able to
raise pH values in the mouth, and so
reduce tooth exposure to acid [citation
needed]. They are also rich in calcium
and phosphate, and may also encourage
remineralisation .
All foods increase saliva production,
and since saliva contains buffer chemicals
this helps to stabilise the pH at just
above 7 in the mouth. Foods high in
fiber may also help to increase the
flow of saliva. Unsweetened (basically
sugar free) chewing gum stimulates saliva
production, and helps to clean the surface
of the tooth.
are commonly associated with dental
cavities. Other carbohydrates, especially
cooked starches, e.g. crisps/potato
chips, may also damage teeth, although
to a much lesser degree. This is because
starch is not an ideal food for the
bacteria. It has to be converted by
enzymes in saliva first.
(table sugar) is most commonly associated
with caries, although glucose and maltose
seem equally gervic (likely to cause
caries). The amount of sugar consumed
at any one time is less important than
how often food and drinks that contain
sugar are consumed.
The more frequently sugars are consumed,
the greater the time during which the
tooth is exposed to low pH levels, at
which point demineralisation occurs.
It is important therefore to try to
encourage infrequent consumption of
food and drinks containing sugar so
that teeth have a chance to repair themselves.
Obviously, limiting sugar-containing
foods and drinks to meal times is one
way to reduce the incidence of caries.
refined sugar is not the only type that
can promote dental caries. There are
also sugars found in fresh fruit and
fruit juices. These foods (oranges,
lemons, limes, apples, etc.) also contain
acids which lower the pH level. On the
other hand, carbonic acid found in soda
water is very weakly acidic (pH 6.1),
and not associated with dental caries
(provided the soft drink is sugar free,
of course). That said, soft drinks are
not as healthy for the teeth as milk,
due to their lower pH and lack of calcium.
Drinking sugared soft drinks throughout
the day raises the risk of dental caries
factor which affects the risk of developing
caries is the stickiness of foods. Some
foods or sweets may stick to the teeth
and so reduce the pH in the mouth for
an extended time, particularly if they
are sugary. It is important that teeth
be cleaned at least twice a day, preferably
with a toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste,
to remove any food sticking to the teeth.
Regular brushing and the use of dental
floss also removes the dental plaque
coating the tooth surface.Chewing
gum assists oral irrigation between
and around the teeth, cleaning and removing
particles, but for teeth in poor condition
it may damage or remove loose fillings
as well. Smoking
and chewing tobacco are both linked
with multiple dental hazards. Regular
vomiting, as seen in victims of bulimia,
also causes significant damage.
can be cleaned in mouthwash or denture
cleaning fluid. Fluoride-containing,
or anti-plaque (tartar control) toothpastes
or mouthwashes may be recommended by
the dentist or dental hygienist. Dental
braces may be recommended by a dentist
for best oral hygiene and health. Dentures,
retainers, and other appliances must
be kept extremely clean. This includes
regular brushing and may include soaking
them in a cleansing solution.
Dental hygienist polishing a patient's
teethRegular tooth cleaning by the dental
hygienist is recommended to remove tartar
(mineralized plaque) that may develop
even with careful brushing and flossing,
especially in areas that are difficult
for a patient to reach on his own at
home. Professional cleaning includes
tooth scaling and tooth polishing and
debridement if too much tartar has accumulated.
This involves the use of various instruments
or devices to loosen and remove deposits
from the teeth.
dental hygienists recommend having the
teeth professionally cleaned at least
every six months .
cleaning and examination may be necessary
during the treatment of many of the
dental/oral disorders. Routine examination
of the teeth is recommended at least
every year. This may include yearly,
select dental X-rays. See also dental
plaque identification procedure and
in between cleanings by a dental hygienist,
everyone must have good oral hygiene
to support the professional care.
there are no complications to the upkeep
of oral hygiene; however, overly vigorous
or incorrectly performed brushing or
flossing may result in injury to the
gingiva (gums). Some results of improper
or over vigorous brushing may include:
worn-out bristles, unusually sore gums,
damage to enamel of teeth, gingivitis
and bleeding gums.
should always call the dentist or dental
hygienist if instructions or demonstration
of proper brushing or flossing techniques
is needed, or to schedule routine dental
cleaning and examination.