Knee Surgery: The knee is an incredible part of the human body. Without having it in place and working to full capacity, it is difficult to do many of the tasks that we tend to take for granted, such as walking to the mailbox or standing for long periods while preparing a meal. This is why so many people gravitate toward knee surgery when the effort of walking or even moving slightly becomes painful or impossible.
Knee Surgery Advantages:
An increase in your levels of activity and an improved quality of life.
You can generally expect to achieve a range of knee
bend of between 90 and 120 degrees – the
prosthesis will not usually allow a completely full
range of bending which would be 140 to 150 degrees.
Conditions Treated with Knee Surgery:
Tear of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (Blown Out Knee)
Arthritis of the Knee
Meniscal Cartilage Tear
Various Runners' Conditions Affecting the Knee
Limited Cartilage Defects of the Knee
The pain is severe enough to restrict work, recreation and ordinary activities of daily living
Significant stiffness in the knee
Significant instability (constant giving way) of the knee
Significant deformity (knock-knees or bow-legs) that hinders normal function of the knee
Damage from arthritic conditions, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or post-traumatic arthritis
Knee Surgery Preparation:
If you smoke, cut down or quit. Smoking changes blood flow patterns, delays healing and slows recovery.
If you drink, don't have any alcohol for at least 48 hours before surgery.
Ask your doctor for pre-surgical exercises. If you are having knee surgery, doing exercises to strengthen your upper body will help you cope with crutches or a walker after surgery.
Your primary care physician or an internist will conduct a general medical evaluation several weeks before surgery. This examination will assess your health and your risk for anesthesia. The results of this examination should be forwarded to your orthopaedic surgeon, along with a surgical clearance.
Shortly before your scheduled surgery, you will probably have an orthopedic examination to review the procedure and answer any last-minute questions.
You may need to take several types of tests, including blood tests, a cardiogram, a urine sample and a chest X-ray.
Advice your surgeon of any medical conditions you have and of all the medications you are taking.
Knee Surgery Types:
There are different types of knee surgery which may be performed, and that depends on the extent and the part of knee which is damaged. Some of the types of knee surgery is given below:
Meniscectomy is official name of the surgery that involves the removal of a portion of the meniscus cartilage from the knee joint. The meniscus is a shock-absorbing wedge of cartilage that sits between the bone ends to provide cushioning and support. Smaller meniscus tears can usually be trimmed to relieve the symptoms of a torn meniscus.
A meniscus repair is a surgical procedure done to repair the damaged meniscus. The meniscus repair can restore the normal anatomy of the knee, and has a better long-term prognosis when successful. However, the meniscus repair is a more significant surgery. The recovery is longer, and, because of limited blood supply to the meniscus, it is not always possible.
The kneecap moves up and down the end of the thigh bone in a groove of cartilage. The kneecap can be pulled to the outside of this groove, or may even dislocate from the groove, causing pain with bending of the knee joint. A lateral release is performed to loosen the ligaments that pull the kneecap toward the outside of the groove.
A plica is a remnant of tissue leftover from fetal development. In early development, your knee was divided into separate compartments. The dividers of the compartments are gradually lost over time, but some remnant remains. When this remnant tissue is more prominent, it is called a plica. When the plica is irritated, it is called plica syndrome. A plica resection is performed to remove this irritated tissue.
Arthroscopy: Meniscus Transplant:
Meniscus transplantation consists of placing the meniscus from a donor patient into an individual who has had their meniscus removed. The ideal patient for a meniscus transplant is someone who had their meniscus removed, and subsequently begins to develop knee pain. Meniscus transplant is not performed for an acute meniscus tear, rather it is performed when removal of the entire meniscus has caused persistent pain in the knee.
The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of four major knee ligaments. The ACL is critical to knee stability, and people who injure their ACL often complain of symptoms of their knee giving-out from under them. Therefore, many patients who sustain an ACL tear opt to have surgical treatment of this injury.
Patellar/Quadriceps Tendon Repair:
The patellar tendon and quadriceps tendon on the front of the knee joint can be injured, causing a loss of strength of leg extension. When the tendon is torn, patients have a difficult time straightening the knee joint. Treatment of a patellar tendon or quadriceps tendon rupture is nearly always a surgical repair.
Partial Knee Replacement:
A partial knee replacement is an option for certain types of knee arthritis. When the cartilage loss is limited to a small portion of the knee joint, it may be possible to replace just the worn-out portion of the joint. However, in cases where the arthritis is more widespread, a total knee replacement will need to be performed.
Knee Replacement Surgery:
When a knee replacement is performed, the bone and cartilage on the end of the thigh bone (femur) and top of the shin bone (tibia) are removed. This is performed using precise instruments to create surfaces that can accommodate the implant perfectly. A metal and plastic knee replacement implant is then placed in to function as a new knee joint. Depending on the condition of the cartilage underneath the kneecap, the kneecap surface may also be replaced.
Recovery after Knee Surgery:
The patients who undergo knee surgery will be moved to an inpatient rehab after a few days of the procedure. These patients are usually advised to elevate their leg so that they can recover quickly.
In addition to this, ice packs are also used on the area that has been operated. The knee surgery recovery will also involve physical therapy and overall, you can expect to spend two to three months for knee surgery recovery.
On the second day of the surgery, you will be asked to get up from the bed and start walking slowly. You will be given a walker with the help of which you will be able to walk.
There will be a therapist with you when you start your physical therapy. As long as you are comfortable, you will allowed to put up with as much weight as you can.
While you will have to rest during the entire knee surgery recover period, except of course during the physical therapy, you should make sure that you are following your doctor's instructions because following his suggestions will definitely benefit you if you want to recover from the surgery in as little time as possible.
Get in touch with your doctor regularly and update him on your condition. If you feel that your knee is not feeling as good as it should then you should go and see your doctor immediately.
You will be given a medication after the surgery so as to get relief your knee from the pain.
Usually, your doctor will advise you to stop taking the medication if there is no longer any pain on your knee. If you are someone who drives then do not start driving just a week or two after your surgery.
Knee Surgery Prognosis:
Surgery is a common option to repair a number of serious knee injuries, including broken bones, torn cartilage, tendon damage, ligament damage and degenerative arthritis. The prognosis or outcome of knee surgery varies with the individual and the extent of injury.
Knee Surgery India:
India is one the fastest emerging destinations for medical tourism in Asia, mainly catering for international health travelers.
Due to the high costs of Knee surgery in the United States, the waiting lists in the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada and the lack of high tech medical procedures in many third world countries, medical tourism is expected to blossom into a ten billion dollar business world-wide.
The doctors have internationally recognized qualifications and training. The country specializes in treatments such as dental cardiology, ophthalmology, oncology, urology, neurosurgery and gynecology.
The prices are comparatively low than other countries that provide the same treatments and technology. Indian Hospitals have a good reputation and are well known to cater to foreign patients.
Knee Surgery Cost in India:
India provides low cost health care facility without compromising on quality treatment.
India offers knee surgery at various international hospitals.
By getting the surgery done in India you can save up to 80% of the cost that you have to pay in other developed countries.
Following chart shows the cost difference of Lap band surgery in India and other countries
Knee Surgery in India- Go with Tour2india4health Group:
Healthcare services are getting too costly in countries like US, UK and Canada. A lot of waiting period is being imposed on patients for various knee surgery procedures, which in turn becomes very difficult for the patients to acquire healthcare services.
Where as like India offers world class health care facilities, zero waiting periods and cost effective knee surgery has attracted tourists all over the world.
Tou2india4health Group has an efficient back office support, with a group professional people in Healthcare management, Marketing and Administration.
We handle patients all over the globe & recommend them to the best medical establishment. We ensure in giving the best treatment without spending too much money. Benefits of working with us include zero waiting time, complete personal care and cost effective treatments.
We have our network Office worldwide, marketing and promoting our associated health care providers. We act as a facilitator between the patients and the hospitals, assisting them right form their arrival, treatment and departure.
Some of the common countries from which patients travel to India for surgery are:
Located in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan, Nepal, China and Bangladesh, India is South Asia's largest, sovereign, democratic republic. India has an edge over other countries when it comes to offering comprehensive, cost-effective and timely medical care: it also offers an exotic, adventure-filled or cultural -if you wish array of destinations to discover and revel in for the travelers. Indian cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Goa, Bangalore, Nagpur, Kerala, Delhi, Pune, Jaipur, Chennai, Gurgaon, and Chandigarh offers best medical tourism service.
Mumbai - Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. This port city (India's largest and busiest) accounts for a major share of the government's revenue, and has one of the world's largest harbour. There are many things to love about Mumbai. One is simply the geographical names, like The Queen's Necklace and Elephanta Island, all with roots in the British Empire.
Hyderabad - Also known as City of Nizams. The city of Hyderabad has its own individual character, which is evident in the beautiful, ancient palaces and the equally modern, and state-of-the-art offices and buildings. Medical tourism at hospitals in Hyderabad combines care for your health with international tourism. The primary reason
behind its surging popularity is better healthcare services at an affordable budget.
Goa - Popularly known as the ‘Rome of the East’, Goa boost of natural, magnificent churches and exquisite works of man. Plunge into the clear blue water of the large pool, or soak in the blissful sunshine on the picturesque island. Goa is an interesting location for getting your health propped up and getting those long postponed surgeries done. You have modern facilities, short waiting times and very affordable prices for procedures, hospital services and medicines.
Bangalore - The progressive and modern city of Bangalore is the state capital, being located within India's Karnataka state. Bangalore is often referred to as the country 'Garden City', due to its high concentration of parks and green spaces. Bangalore has few of the world’s best doctors and medical practitioners, who have been trained by the rigorous Indian medical education system as well as in countries like UK and USA.
Nagpur - Nagpur City has many distinctions. It is also the second greenest in India and is located at the very center of the heartland, almost equidistant from Kolkata, Chennai and New Delhi and Mumbai. The present city was founded in the early 18th century by Bhakt Buland, a Gond prince of the kingdom of Deogad in the Chhindwara district. The Nagpur District has a varied culture, as well as being in the central part of India, the market in Nagpur is flooded with products from all over India. Nagpur has few of the world’s best doctors and medical practitioners, who have been trained in countries like UK and USA.
Kerala - Natural beauty, clean air and primordial greenery amidst the vast expanse of water and sky, typifies the state of Kerala – better known as God's own country. Kerala is famous for its alternative medical therapies such as Ayurveda, which help to rejuvenate and revitalize the body. The region is also home to India’s only virgin tropical rain forest – the Silent Valley National Park, supporting an overwhelming range of life forms, many of which are highly endangered, and endemic to this part of the planet.
Delhi - "Welcome to The Capital City of India - New Delhi" Delhi is famous as Capital city of India is located in North India. Delhi is truly a symbol of the old and the new; a blend of ancient well preserved monuments and temples along with jam-packed burger joints and up market shopping malls. Delhi has state of the art Hospitals and the best qualified doctors.
Pune - Once referred to as the Oxford of the east, Punecontinues to be a stronghold for academics and culture. An array of factors like availability of efficient and experienced doctors, comparatively low treatment costs, hospital facilities of international standards and many more have made Pune one of the top destinations for medical tourism.
Jaipur - Jaipur is one of the most popular destinations on a tourist's itinerary. The magnificent forts, beautiful havelis and colourful bazaars make Jaipur a popular tourist destination among tourists. Jaipur has pioneered health and medical tourism in India.
Chennai - Chennai is one of the most developed urban centers in the Indian subcontinent. The city forms the capital of Tamil Nadu state and is the fourth largest metropolitan city in India. They have some of the very best hospitals and treatment centers in the world. Each hospital is equipped with state of the art facilities. The technology brought into practice is the very latest, including robotic surgery.
Gurgaon - Located in the National Capital Region, Gurgaon is one of the most rapidly growing cities in Greater Delhi. In the last few years Gurgaon has boomed as the hub of IT and other new-age businesses. Gurgoan is the latest destination for Medical Tourism in India as it is the latest modern upcoming city near Delhi.
Chandigarh - Located near the foothills of Shivalik range of the Himalayas, Chandigarh is one of the most beautiful and happening cities of India. Chandigarh has great potential for Medical tourism as the unpolluted and excellent environs give many opportunities to patients to recover from their illness.
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