Free Consultations

Top Hospitals in India

Apollo Hospital Apollo Hospital

Fortis Hospital Fortis Hospital

Artemis Hospital Artemis Hospital

Max Hospital Max Hospital

Asia Columbia Group of Hospitals
Asia Columbia Group of Hospitals

Medanta Hospital Medanta Hospital

Asian Heart Institute
Asian Heart Institute

Wockhardt Hospital
Wockhardt Hospital

Hiranandani Hospital
Hiranandani Hospital

Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital

Jaslok Hospital Jaslok Hospital

Lilavati Hospital Lilavati Hospital

Kokilaben Hospital
Kokilaben Hospital

Narayana Hrudayalaya
Narayana Hrudayalaya

Global Hospitals Global Hospitals

Jupiter Hospital Jupiter Hospital

Stereotactic Surgery in india

StereotacticStereotactic surgery or stereotaxy is a minimally-invasive form of surgical intervention which makes use of a three-dimensional coordinates system to locate small targets inside the body and to perform on them some action such as ablation (removal), biopsy, lesion, injection, stimulation, implantation, radiosurgery etc. "Stereotactic" in Greek (another accepted spelling is "stereotaxic") means movement in space.In theory, any organ system inside the body can be subjected to stereotactic surgery. Difficulties in setting up a reliable frame of reference (such as bony landmarks which bear a constant spatial relation to soft tissues), however, mean that its applications have been limited to brain surgery. Besides the brain, biopsy and surgery of the breasts have also been attempted.

The stereotactic method was first developed by two British scientists in 1908, working at University College London Hospital, Sir Victor Horsley, a physician and neurosurgeon, and Robert H. Clarke, an engineer. The Horsley-Clarke apparatus they developed was used for animal experimentation and implemented a Cartesian (three-orthogonal axis) system. Improved designs of their original device came into use in the 1930s for animal experimentation and are still in wide use today in all animal neuroscience laboratories.

How it works

Stereotactic surgery works on the basis of three main components:

  • A stereotactic atlas of the targeted anatomical structures
  • A stereotactic device or apparatus
  • stereotactic localization and placement procedure

The stereotactic atlas is a series of cross sections of anatomical structure (for example, a human brain), depicted in reference to a two-coordinate frame. Thus, each brain structure can be easily assigned a range of three coordinate numbers, which will be used for positioning the stereotactic device. In most atlases, the three dimensions are: latero-lateral (x), dorso-ventral (y) and rostro-caudal (z).

The stereotactic apparatus uses a set of three coordinates (x, y and z) in an orthogonal frame of reference (cartesian coordinates), or, alternatively, a polar coordinates system, also with three coordinates: angle, depth and antero-posterior location. The mechanical device has head-holding clamps and bars which puts the head in a fixed position in reference to the coordinate system (the so-called zero or origin). In small laboratory animals, these are usually bone landmarks which are known to bear a constant spatial relation to soft tissue. For example, brain atlases often use the external auditory meatus, the inferior orbital ridges, the median point of the maxilla between the incisive teeth. or the bregma (confluence of sutures of frontal and parietal bones), as such landmarks. In humans, the reference points, as described above, are intracerebral structures which are clearly discernible in a radiograph of tomogram.

Guide bars in the x, y and z directions (or alternatively, in the polar coordinate holder), fitted with high precision Vernier scales allow the neurosurgeon to position the point of a probe (an electrode, a cannula, etc.) inside the brain, at the calculated coordinates for the desired structure, through a small trephined hole in the skull.

Presently, there are a number of manufacturers of stereotactic devices fitted for neurosurgery in humans, as well as for animal experimentation.

Stereotactic Surgery in india is available in following cities

Mumbai Hyderabad Kerala
Delhi Pune Goa
Bangalore Nagpur Jaipur
Chennai Gurgaon Chandigarh

To get free no obligation Quote For Stereotactic Surgery in india
Go to the Enquiry Form
Phone Numbers Reach Us
India & International : +91-9860755000 / +91-9371136499
UK : +44-2081332571
Canada & USA : +1-4155992537

Below are the downloadable links that will help you to plan your medical trip to India in a more organized and better way. Attached word and pdf files gives information that will help you to know India more and make your trip to India easy and memorable one.

Click icon to Download Document

About India Click Here to Download Word Document Click Here to Download PDF Document   Destinations in India Click Here to Download Word Document Click Here to Download PDF Document
Indian Embassy List Click Here to Download Word Document Click Here to Download PDF Document   Medical Tourism FAQ Click Here to Download Word Document Click Here to Download PDF Document
Visa For India Click Here to Download Word Document Click Here to Download PDF Document    

Stereotaxy Surgery in India, low cost Stereotaxy Surgery India, best hospital for Stereotaxy Surgery India, best Neuro surgeons in India, Stereotaxy Surgery cost in India, Neuro Stereotactic Surgery in India, Neuro Stereotactic Surgery cost in India, Stereotactic Neuro Surgery Hospital in India, best Surgeon for Neuro Stereotactic in India, Stereotaxy Surgery in Delhi, Neuro Stereotactic Surgery Mumbai, Stereotactic Neuro Surgery in Bangalore, Stereotaxy Surgery in Pune, Stereotaxy Surgery Chennai.

medical tourism company in india